International Video Standards

General. Most countries of the world use TV Standards that are incompatible with other countries. For example, a video recording made in the UK could not be played on US standard VCR's or shown on the TV.

Effectively, there are three world standards. These are NTSC, PAL, SECAM. The charts below give a description of each standard and the technical variations within each.

NTSC. The first color TV broadcast system was implemented in the United States in 1953. This was based on the NTSC (National Television System Committee) standard. NTSC is used by many countries on the American continent as well as many Asian countries including Japan. NTSC runs on 525 lines/frame.

SYSTEM
NTSC M
Lines/Field 525/60
Horizontal Frequency 15.734 kHz
Vertical Frequency 60 Hz
Color Subcarrier Frequency 3.579545 MHz
Video Bandwidth 4.2 MHz
Sound Carrier 4.5 MHz

PAL. The PAL (Phase Alternating Line) standard was introduced in the early 1960's and implemented in most European countries except for France. The PAL standard utilises a wider channel bandwidth than NTSC which allows for better picture quality. PAL runs on 625 lines/frame.

SYSTEM
PAL PAL I PAL D PAL N PAL M,B,G,H
Lines/Field 625/50 625/50 625/50 625/50 525/60
Horizontal Frequency 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.75 kHz
Vertical Frequency 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz
Color Subcarrier Frequency 4.433618 MHz 4.433618 MHz 4.433618 MHz 3.582056 MHz 3.575611 MHz
Video Bandwidth 5 MHz 5.5 MHz 6MHz 4.2 MHz 4.2 MHz
Sound Carrier 5.5 MHz 6 MHz 6.5 MHz 4.5 MHz 4.5 MHz

SECAM. The SECAM (Sequential Couleur Avec Memoire or Sequential Colour with Memory) standard was introduced in the early 1960's and implemented in France. SECAM uses the same bandwidth as PAL but transmits the colour information sequentially. SECAM runs on 625 lines/frame.

SYSTEM
SECAM B,G,H D,K,K1,L
Lines/Field 625/50 625/50
Horizontal Frequency 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz
Vertical Frequency 50 Hz 50 Hz
Video Bandwidth 5.0 MHz 6.0 MHz
Sound Carrier 5.5 MHz 6.5 MHz
Video Standards By Country

COUNTRY
SYSTEM
Abu Dhabi PAL
Afghanistan PAL/SECAM(H)
Alaska NTSC
Albania PAL
Algeria PAL
American Samoa NTSC
Andorra SECAM(V)/PAL
Angola PAL
Antigua NTSC
Antilles (dutch) NTSC
Argentina PAL-N
Aruba NTSC
Ascension Island PAL
Australia PAL
Austria PAL
Azores PAL
Azerbaijan SECAM(H)
Bahamas NTSC
Bahrain PAL
Bangladesh PAL
Barbados NTSC
Barbuda NTSC
Belarus SECAM
Belgium PAL
Belize NTSC
Benin SECAM(V)
Bermuda NTSC
Bolivia NTSC
Bosnia Herzegovinia PAL
Botswana PAL
Brazil PAL
British Virgin Islands NTSC
Brunei PAL
Bulgaria SECAM(H)
Burkina Faso SECAM(V)
Burma NTSC
Burundi SECAM(V)
Cammeroon PAL
Canada NTSC
Canary Islands PAL
Cape Verde PAL
Caymen Islands PAL/NTSC
Central African Republic SECAM
Chad SECAM(V)
Chile NTSC
China (peoples Republic) PAL
Christmas Island PAL
Columbia NTSC
Congo (peoples Republic) SECAM(V)
Cook Island PAL
Corsica SECAM(V)
Costa Rica NTSC
Croatia PAL
Cuba NTSC
Curacao NTSC
Cyprus SECAM(H)
Cyprus (turkish) PAL
Czech Republic SECAM(H)
Denmark PAL
Diego Garcia NTSC
Djibouti SECAM(V)
Dominica NTSC
Dominican Republic NTSC
Dubai PAL
Easter Island PAL
Ecuador NTSC
Egypt SECAM(H)
El Salvador NTSC
Equatorial Guinea SECAM(V)
Eritrea PAL
Estonia SECAM(H)
Ethiopia PAL
Falkland Islands PAL
Faroe Islands PAL
Fiji NTSC
Finland PAL
France SECAM(V)
Gabon SECAM(V)
Galapagos Island NTSC
Gambia PAL
Gaza & West Bank PAL
Georgia SECAM(H)
Germany PAL
Ghana PAL
Gibraltar PAL
Greece SECAM(H)
Greenland PAL
Grenada NTSC
Guadeloupe SECAM(V)
Guam NTSC
Guatemala NTSC
Guinea PAL
Guinea-bissou PAL
Guyana French SECAM(V)
Guyana (republic) NTSC
Haiti NTSC
Hawaii NTSC
Holland PAL
Honduras NTSC
Hong Kong PAL
Hungary SECAM(H)
Iceland PAL
India PAL
Indonesia PAL
Iran SECAM(H)
Iraq SECAM(H)
Ireland PAL
Israel PAL
Italy PAL
Ivory Coast SECAM(V)
Jamaica NTSC
Japan NTSC
Johnston Islands NTSC
Jordan PAL
Kampuchea SECAM(V)
Kazakhstan SECAM(H)
Kenya PAL
Kiribati (PAL)??
Korea North SECAM
Korea South NTSC
Kuwait PAL
Kyrgyzstan SECAM(H)
Laos PAL-M
Latvia SECAM(H)
Lebanon PAL
Leeward Islands NTSC
Lesotho PAL
Liberia PAL
Libya SECAM
Liechtenstein PAL
Lithuania SECAM(H)
Luxembourg PAL/SECAM
Macau PAL
Macedonia PAL
Madagascar SECAM(V)
Madeira PAL
Malawi PAL
Malaysia PAL
Maldives PAL
Mali SECAM(V)
Mariana Islands NTSC
Malta PAL
Marshall Islands NTSC
Martinique SECAM(V)
Mauritania SECAM(V)
Mauritius SECAM(V)
Mexico NTSC
Micronesia NTSC
Midway Islands NTSC
Monaco SECAM(V)/PAL
Montenegro PAL
Mongolia SECAM(V)
Montserrat NTSC
Morocco SECAM(V)
Mozambique PAL
Myanmar NTSC
Namibia PAL
Nepal PAL
Netherlands PAL
New Caledonia SECAM(V)
New Zealand PAL
Nicaragua NTSC
Niger SECAM(V)
Nigeria PAL
Norfolk Island PAL
Norway PAL
Okinawa NTSC
Oman PAL
Pakistan PAL
Palau NTSC
Panama NTSC
Papua New Guinea PAL
Parguay PAL-N
Peru NTSC
Philippines NTSC
Poland SECAM(H)
Polynesia SECAM(V)
Portugal PAL
Puerto Rico NTSC
Qatar PAL
Reunion SECAM(V)
Romania SECAM(H)/PAL
Rwanda SECAM
Samoa NTSC
Sardinia PAL
Saudi Arabia SECAM(H)/PAL
Senegal SECAM(V)
Serbia SECAM(H)
Seychelles PAL
Sierra Leone PAL
Singapore PAL
Slovakia Republic SECAM(H)
Slovenia PAL
Solomon ISLANDS
Somalia PAL
South Africa PAL
Spain PAL
Sri Lanka PAL
St. Kitts & Nevis NTSC
St. Lucia NTSC
St. Pierre SECAM(V)
St. Vincent NTSC
Sudan PAL
Surinam NTSC
Swaziland PAL
Sweden PAL
Switzerland PAL
Syria SECAM(H)
Syria PAL
Tahiti SECAM(V)
Tajikistan SECAM
Taiwan NTSC
Tanzania PAL
Thailand PAL
Togo SECAM(V)
Tonga PAL
Trinidad & Tobago NTSC
Tristian Da Cunah PAL
Tunisia SECAM(V)
Turkey PAL
Turkmenistan SECAM
Ukraine SECAM
Uganda PAL
United Arab Emirates PAL
United Kingdom PAL
Uruguay PAL-N
United States Of America NTSC
Uzbekistan SECAM
Vanuatu PAL
Vatican PAL
Venezuela NTSC
Vietnam NTSC/SECAM(V)
Virgin Islands NTSC
Wallis Island SECAM(V)
Yemen PAL
Yugoslavia PAL
Zaire SECAM(V)
Zambia PAL
Zanzibar PAL
Zimbabwe PAL

          
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